Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois


Botany is the study of plants. Plants are classified into these major catagories: flowering plants, conifers, ferns and fern allies, bryophytes, algae, fungi, and lichens.

There are many ways to study plants. The modern science of botany developed out of medicine, beginning with the identification of plants used for medicinal purposes. The need to identify, describe, name, and classify plants, i.e., to catalog them, is basic to botany, because without this, one would not be able to communicate with others about specific kinds of plants. This aspect of botany is called taxonomy or systematics. The need to study and accurately describe the structure of plants led to the development of fields of morphology and anatomy. To understand how plants grow, reproduce, and live in their surroundings, botany has differentiated the disciplines of cytology, the study of the structure and reproduction of plant cells; physiology, the study of chemical and physical processes of plant life, such as photosynthesis, respiration, and differentiation; ecology, the study of relationships between plants and their environment; and plant geography, the study of the distribution of plants. Paleobotany is the study of fossil plants.

There are other fields of botany specializing in the study of particular plant groups. Algology orphycology is the study of algae, mycology of fungi, bryology of mosses and liverworts, andpteridology of ferns.

Illinois Endangered and Threatened Plants - Illinois Endangered Species Protection Board

Most INHS botanical research is listed in our Annual Reports.

See our Publications Catalog for articles published at INHS.

INHS botanist Dr. Ken Robertson has a wealth of botanically related information on his home page.

Some past articles published in INHS Reports:

The Role of Insect Flower Herbivory in Native and Restored Prairies. Winter 2002

Effects of Exotic Plants on Bird Nesting Success. Autumn 2001

Biotic Inventory of Kyrgyz Grasslands. Autumn 2001

Land-cover Classification for Forests. Autumn 2001

Species Spotlight: Poison Ivy. Summer 2001

INHS Inventories Smoky Mountains Flora. Summer 2001

Species Spotlight: Bald Cypress. Fall 2000

Exotic Vegetation in Illinois Wetlands. Fall 2000

Environmentally Friendly Gardening. March-April 2000

Plant Stress--Its Relationship to Arthropod Pests in Urban Landscapes. March-April 2000

Species Spotlight: Tulip Tree. January-February 2000

Community-Level Parameters as Indicators of Restoration Success in Fire-Effects Studies. November-December 1999

How Prescribed Fire and Management Affects Plants and Animals in Central Illinois' Oak-Hickory Forests. November-December 1999

Fen Wetland Restoration in Northeastern Illinois. November-December 1999

Restoration of Bottomland Forests in the Cache River Watershed. November-December 1999

Prairie Restoration Research at the Savanna Army Depot. November-December 1999

Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie: History and Current Research. November-December 1999

Restoration Ecology and Research at the Illinois Natural History Survey. November-December 1999

The Role of Fire in Maintaining Plant Diversity in Oak Woodland Communities. May-June 1999

INHS Plant Collection. March-April 1999

The Naturalist's Apprentice: Dyeing With Plants. March-April 1999

Forest Regeneration and Understory Dynamics Following the 1993 Flood on the Illinois River. January-February 1999

Grassland Habitats in Illinois. July-August 1998

Species Spotlight: Bird's-eye Primrose. March-April 1998

Fire, Savanna Restoration, and Avian Populations in Midwestern Oak Forests. January-February 1998

White Grub Management Options in Turfgrass. January-February 1998

Species Spotlight: The American Lotus. July-August 1997

Botany of the Savanna Army Depot. March-April 1997

Species Spotlight: The Shooting Star. May-June 1996

Wetland Restoration at the Middle Fork River Forest Preserve. January-February 1996

Species Spotlight: Witch Hazel. January-February 1996

Plants of the Oakwood Bottoms. November-December 1995

Flooding Effects on Urban and Community Trees. July-August 1995

The Plants of Site M: a True Macrosite. May-June 1995

Species Spotlight: The Pitcher Plant. January-February 1995



For more information, see the INHS Botanical Collection Page

18 June 2002 cam 

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