Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

KISHWAUKEE RIVER 

Wetland in the Kishwaukee River RRA, photo by Mike Jeffords, INHS Fifteen miles of the Kishwaukee River is identified in the Biologically Significant Illinois Streams Inventory. The clear water of this medium-sized stream with its gravel, sand, and cobble substrate supports a diverse mussel fauna.

 

Map of Site
Land Cover Map of Site

 

Size: 64,386 acres; 101 square miles

Location: North-central Illinois; McHenry and Boone Counties

The natural resources of the Kishwaukee River RRA are concentrated along the wooded corridor of the river. Originally savanna with many sloughs and marshes, the area is now primarily agricultural. This RRA drains to the Rock River. The Chain O' Lakes-Fox River RRA, which adjoins the Kishwaukee River RRA on the east, drains to the Fox River and ultimately the Illinois River.

LANDCOVER : This site is approximately half cropland and one-fourth grassland. Forest cover accounts for 11% of the area and is concentrated along the river. The Kishwaukee River RRA ranks fourth in percentage of nonforested wetlands.

NATURAL AREAS : There are three Natural Areas in this RRA.

BIOLOGICALLY SIGNIFICANT STREAMS :Fifteen miles of the Kishwaukee River are designated as high quality by BSS standards.

HERITAGE SITES :The eight Heritage points in this RRA include two significant community types, two plant species, and four animal species.

STATE AND FEDERAL LAND : There is no state or federal land in this RRA.

NATURE PRESERVES : There are no Nature Preserves in this RRA.

NATURAL DIVISIONS : This site lies entirely within the Northeastern Morainal Natural Division.


 

SUMMARY OF SITE CHARACTERISTICS: SIZE, BIOLOGIC RESOURCES, AND PUBLIC LANDS

Total Acreage 64,386
Natural Areas

    Acreage

362

    Number

3
Biologically Significant Stream Mileage 15.0

    Natural Heritage Sites

8
State Land

    State Parks

0

    State Conservation Areas

0

    State Forests

0

    State Fish & Wildlife Areas

0

    Acreage

0

    Percentage of RRA

0.0
Federal Land

    Acreage

0

    Percentage of RRA

0.0

 


 

LANDCOVER

    Acres

    % of RRA

Upland forest

    5,264.98

8.18
Bottomland forest 1,567.73 2.44
Wetland-nonforested 2,456.07 3.81
Grassland 16,722.80 25.97
Cropland 33,178.06 51.53
Urban/Built-up 4,935.01 7.67
Water 258.51 0.40
Total 64,383.16 100.00

 


 

ILLINOIS NATURAL AREAS INVENTORY SITES

    Acres

Hum Railroad Prairie West 137
Kishwaukee River 224
Pleasant Valley *
* = point location, map not available

 


 

BIOLOGICALLY SIGNIFICANT STREAMS

    Miles

Kishwaukee River 15.0
Rush Creek 0.0

 


 

NATURAL HERITAGE CATEGORIES
Communities Occurrences

    Types/Species

    Prairie

2 2
Threatened and Endangered Animals

    Bird

2 2

    Fish

1 1

    Mammal

1 1
Threatened and Endangered Plants

    Plant-Dicot

2 2
Geological Feature
Other

 


 

STATE AND FEDERAL LAND  

    Acres

State Parks   0
State Conservation Areas   0
State Forests   0
State Fish and Wildlife Areas   0
Federal Land   0

 


 

ILLINOIS NATURE PRESERVES
None

 


 

NATURAL DIVISIONS

    Acres in RRA

    % of RRA

    % of Division

Northeastern Morainal 64,387 100.0 2.6


Illinois Natural History Survey

1816 South Oak Street, MC 652
Champaign, IL 61820
217-333-6880
cms@inhs.illinois.edu

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