---------------------------------------------  COLOPHON *  ---------------------------------------------
[ page update: 2019-III-09 ]

Typeface used for the original, printed series of Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica

The original, printed series of Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica included the first volume - Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica [N.O.] (Reynolds and Cook, 1976: x + 217 pp.), the first supplement - Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica Supplementum Primum [N.O.S.P.] (Reynolds and Cook, 1981: v + 39 pp.), the second supplement - Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica Supplementum Secundum [N.O.S.S.] (Reynolds and Cook, 1989: v + 37 pp.), and the third supplement - Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica Supplementum Tertium [N.O.S.T.] (Reynolds and Cook, 1993: vi + 33 pp.). 

The text throughout the original N.O. series was set in 10-point Times Roman.  This typeface, a serif font, was first designed by Victor Lardent (a British advertising designer and drafstman), who was commissioned to create a more appealing font for use by The Times of London newspaper soon after Stanley Morrison (a most influential British typographer, designer and historian) published an article that criticized the newspaper for its poor print and antiquated typography.  Being a seasoned typographer, Morrison then supervised the redesign of the Times Roman font being drawn by Victor Lardent, thus becoming the Times New Roman font.  This font made its debut in The Times on 3 October 1932, remaining its standard broadsheet font for 40 years. Historically, Times New Roman became one of the most widely used typefaces.  It has remained a very popular typeface in book typography, magazine, and paperback, particularly because it is compact and easy to read, and today remains a commonly used font in text softwares developed for computers.  

The nomenclators {Nomenclator Generum, Nomenclator Subgenerum, and Nomenclator Specierum} in the original serics were set in 9 point Roman italic and 10 point Times Roman on columns of 15 picas.  The original volume (N.O., 1976) was printed on white Kelmscott Smooth finish paper (140M) and bound in Lasalle PN 131 medium green.  The three supplements in the original series were printed on similar paper.  Because each of the supplements had fewer pages than the original volume, they were stapled (imperfect binding) into a dark green card-stock cover.

The text in this section is presented in Times New Roman, 18 point

 Typeface used for this second, web-based edition of Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica

With the exception of a few specific areas, the text throughout this website is 'set' using Arial font (12 or 14 point) – a sans-serif typeface and set of computer fonts.  The Arial typeface was designed in 1982 by a team of designers working with the company, Monotype Typography® – and comprises over 28 styles (e.g., the primary styles referred to as Regular, Italic, Medium, Bold, Bold, Black, Light, Narrow, Condensed, Rounded, Monospace, plus multiple designs and configurations of these primary styles).  Initially created for IBM®, Microsoft® later chose the Arial font for inclusion in a suite of system fonts for the Windows® 3.1 operating system.  Since then, fonts in the Arial family have been integrated with almost every computer, and with nearly all textual applications.  This font has been bundled with Windows® and Apple® Mac OS X® operating systems, and has been embedded in nearly all PostScript®-based laser printers. While only a few Arial fonts are bundled with operating systems and hardware products, there are a large number of variants in the family available to graphic communicators. 

As much as we like the Times New Roman font – having used it for many of our reports, publications, wet and dry specimen labels in our collections, and in other forms of printed media – we chose the Arial font (14-point) for use on this website; being a sans-serif font, it is much easier to read on screen in this virtual medium. 

The text used in this section is presented in Arial, 14 point.

* col·o·phon, noun {ˈkä-lə-fən, -fän }

The term 'colophon' is derived from the Latin word, colophon, from the Greek kolophōn (κολοφων), meaning finishing, or finishing touch, or 'summit').

In early printed books the colophon (when included), was a brief description about the printing and publication processes associated with the book, summarizing some or all of the following information:

date of publication, place of publication and/or printing (sometimes also including the address and name of a city), and the name(s) of the printer(s) and publisher(s), when different.  Occasionally, the name(s) of the proof-reader(s), editor(s), and other relevant details may have been included. 

For many of the oldest books in which a colophon had been included, it had been placed at the end of the main body of the text, often following any register or index.  In books published after ~1500, a colophon was more commonly found associated with the title page or masthead.

Please note:  Reference to a colophon in the greater concept of publications should not be confused with Colophon, an ancient city in Asia Minor, after which rosin (ronnel, or 'colophony') is named.

The text used in this section for the definition of colophon is presented in Arial, 12 point.

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