Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Insect Specializations


Carolyn Nixon


Insects are a large and diverse group of animals and they have many different strategies for survival.  Test your knowledge about different types of insects?  See how many of the questions below you can answer correctly.  Choose the best answer of the four listed for each question.


1.  Most insects have two pairs of wings and three pairs of  _____________.

                  a) antennae         b) legs        c) tarsi        d) cerci


2.  What do both flies and mayflies have in common?  _________________

                  a) They have incomplete metamorphosis.

                  b) The young are aquatic and the adults are terrestrial.

                  c) Their larvae have no eyes.

                  d) The adults do not feed.


3.  Only _________________ bees can sting.

                  a) female         b) male        c) bumble        d) honey


4.  The immature stages of dragonflies and damselflies live in ______________.

                  a) leaf litter        b) water        c) soil        d) rotting wood


5.  Most caterpillars feed on leaves of plants, but when they become adult
 butterflies and moths, they feed on _________.

                  a) flower nectar        b) rotting wood        c) animal hair        d) tomatoes


6.  So that they can easily move through animal hair, fleas ____________________.

                  a) hold their wings vertically.

                  b) keep their wings held tightly to their body.

                  c) are flattened from side to side.

                  d) are flattened from top to bottom.


7.  What do ants and termites have in common?  ________________________

                  a) They are wingless, except when they are starting new colonies.

                  b) They eat only wood and other plant materials.

                  c) They are Hymenoptera, the same order as bees and wasps.

                  d) All of the above.


8.  Green lacewing larvae are very predatory.  So that they do not eat
the unhatched eggs of their brothers and sisters, __________________.

                  a) No two eggs are laid on the same plant.

                  b) Each egg is laid on the end of long stalks.

                  c) The eggs are hidden in under bark.

                  d) The eggs are camouflaged.


9.  Bees are economically important because they ____________________.

                  a) destroy thousands of trees every year.

                  b) pollinate many kinds of plants.

                  c) are popular in movies.

                  d) make good pets.



10.  There are more types of these insects than any others.   ______________

                  a) butterflies        b) spiders        c) flies        d) beetles


                         Answers BELOW


1)     2) d     3)     4) b     5)     6)     7)     8) b     9) b     10) d

gold-bodied snipe flyeastern Hercules beetleRobust_bot_fly.jpgwhite lined sphinx mothTiger_swallowtail.jpggreen lacewingcat fleatwelve-spotted dragonflybumble beeebony jewelwingburrowing mayfly

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