Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Richard L Lampman
Title: Medical Entomologist; Insect Chemical Ecologist
Mailing address:
Medical Entomology, INHS,
1902 S. Griffith Drive
Champaign, IL 61820
Office address:
108 Entomology Laboratory, INHS,
Champaign, IL 61820
Address mailcode: 652
Office room:
Location: ENT LAB
Phone: 217-244-2689
Fax: 217-333-2359

My mentor, Robert L. Metcalf, was famous for addressing complex entomological issues using simplistic models, such as LC50 with and without antagonists and synergists to understand the biochemical lesion or mode of action of insecticides; the aquarium model ecosystem for evaluating degradation pathways and risk of bioaccumulation of pesticides, beetle prints on TLC plates to detect minute quantities and types of cucurbitacins, and sticky traps to evaluate the structural specificity and innate sensitivity of Diabrotica and Acalymma (as well as Dacinae fruitfly) chemoreceptors to volatile attractants. I was fortunate to work with him a little on all of these projects, and be his teaching assistant for two years in insecticide toxicology and insect IPM.

I joined the Medical Entomology Program in 1990, which at the time was in the Center for Economic Entomology at the Illinois Natural History Survey (INHS). I took Medical Entomology early in graduate school at UIUC from Duane Gubler, later section head of DVBID CDC in Fort Collins. One of my early jobs was raising mosquitoes for the ecosystem study (and feeding them to minnows). At INHS, Robert Novak refined my ability to identify mosquitoes and understand their preference for different types of habitats and niches. My major interest was in how the female optimizes the selection of her bloodmeal host and the placement of her offspring. Recently, this has expanded to include the influence of larval environmental conditions on development and survivorship of immatures and the subsequent impact on adult fitness, behavior, and susceptibility to stress.

In general, I am intrigued by the variability in how insects find resources and how those resources influence transmission of arboviruses. Over the past 20 years, I have participated in various projects dealing with chemical ecology, vector management, vector-host interactions, overwintering biology, and establishing the level of risk of mosquito-borne pathogens in Illinois, particularly West Nile virus.

My specialty is in Culex species, particulary the vectors of St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) and WNV. Many of these mosquitoes are associated with aquatic habitats in natural and artificial containers that have high organic content (in other words, they tend to stink). Although they are often discussed as ecological equivalents, I am interested in the distinct behavioral differences between Culex pipiens, the northern house mosquito, principal urban vector of SLEV, and Culex restuans, the two-spotted mosquito, probably the primary initiator of the wild transmission cycle (enzootic cycle) in the north central US. Much of my initial work dealt with improving techniques for sampling these species; their distribution in tire piles, and the chemical ecology of oviposition attractants. I am amazed at how little we know about the field ecology of Cx. restuans, from which we have he earliest detection of WNV in CU, although the amplification phase of transmission appears related to the increase in Cx. pipiens. Where Culex restuans overwinters is still a mystery, and after half a decade of collecting and testing overwintering Cx. pipiens from stormwater tunnels, I do NOT believe they are an efficient means of the virus surviving the winter. The abundance of Cx. restuans in Illinois is typically greater than Cx. pipiens, and we tend to find this species in great abundance between April and May, with a decline between June and July.

As a Research Scientist, I collaborate with other members of the Medical Entomology Program and other Centers on grant proposals for external funding (e.g., CDC grant on West Nile virus in Illinois, Illinois Soybean Program Operating Board (ISPOB) grant on soy oil mosquito larvicides, an NIH grant on management of malaria vectors, and recently grants on the impact of larval stress on adult fitness and susceptibility to stress). I have served 4 times as the President of the Illinois Mosquito and Vector Control Association, and over 5 years as Newsletter Editor. I enjoy collaborating with the professional personnel of mosquito abatement districts and state and local public health departments about new mosquito-borne public health issues impacting Illinois.

I have studied the attraction or repellency of mosquitoes to chemical stimuli, in order to refine vector-surveillance techniques and personal protection; the use of pesticides and natural products for the management of mosquitoes; the interaction of mosquitoes with endemic hosts (i.e., wildlife, like host bird species), and larval competition and response to different environmental stresses (Barry Alto, Katie Costanzo, and Juma Muturi). I have collaborated with several UIUC researchers and international scientists on studies concerning the chemical ecology of corn rootworms.

I work closely with Nina Krasavin regarding WNV detection from Cook County MADs and one of my major functions in the Medical Entomology Program is to analyze this data for: 1) the spatial and temporal distribution of vector mosquito species in Illinois to better understand the transmission cycles of arboviruses and their methods of overwintering, and 2) the comparison of WNV detection techniques in order to identify areas that cause variation in detection,

Although teaching is not an integral part of my position, I have presented guest lectures in several courses at UIUC dealing with the biology or chemical ecology of vectors. For several years, I was a regular lecturer in the Biology of Disease Vectors.
Message to students:
Metcalf R.L. and R. L. Lampman. U.S. Patent, 4-880-624; Semiochemical baits and attractants for corn rootworms (1989).

Metcalf R.L. and R. L. Lampman. United States Patent 6613317; Volatile attractants for diabrotica species (2003).

Book chapters
Lampman, Richard L. 2011. Emerging Vector-borne Diseases of Public Health in Europe and North America. Pp. 213-220. In Ecology and Animal Health. Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey M. Levengood, eds. The Baltic University Programme, Uppsala University.

Novak, R. J. and R. L. Lampman. 2001. Public health pesticides in HANDBOOK OF PESTICIDE TOXICOLOGY, Volume 1. Pesticide Risk Characterization. Acacemic Press, pp. 181-201.

Twenty year Service Award from Illinois Natural History Survey.
Professional affiliations:
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Illinois Mosquito and Vector Control Association

American Mosquito Control Association
Entomological Society of America
International Society for Chemical Ecology

Affiliate of Department of Department of Entomology, UIUC
Selected publications:
Approximately 60 publications. Select examples include:

Lampman, Richard L., Nina M. Krasavin, Mike P. Ward, Tara A. Beveroth, Emily R. Wheeler, Barry W. Alto, Robert J. Novak. 2010. Vector, host, and arbovirus interactions for West Nile virus in east central Illinois. Submitted to Am. J. Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Lampman, Richard L. 2011. Emerging Vector-borne Diseases of Public Health in Europe and North America. Pp. 213-220. In Ecology and Animal Health. Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey M. Levengood, eds. The Baltic University Programme, Uppsala University.

Muturi, Ephantus J., Katie Costanzo, Banugopan Kesavaraju, Richard Lampman, Barry W. Alto. 2010. Interaction of a pesticide and larval competition on life history traits of Culex pipiens. Acta Trop. 116(2):141-6.

Ward, Michael P., Tara A. Beveroth, Richard Lampman, Arlo Raim, David Enstrom, Robert Novak. 2010. Field-Based Estimates of Avian Mortality from West Nile Virus Infection. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 10(9):909-913.

Morris J., Lampman RL, Ballmes G., Halverson J, and Novak RJ. First report of Aedes japonicus, an invasive mosquito species, in central Illinois. 2007. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 23:3, 243-251.

Lampman, R. L. 2008. Summary: Review of the environmental mechanisms governing the intensity of West Nile virus transmission. SYMPOSIUM. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 79 (6): 233.

Gu WD, Lampman R, Krasavin N, Novak R. 2006. Spatio-temporal analyses of West Nile virus transmission in Culex mosquitoes in Northern Illinois, USA, 2004. Vector-borne Zoonotic Dis. 6 (1): 91-98

Lampman, RL, M Slamecka, N Krasavin, K Kunkel, and R Novak. 2006. Culex population dynamics and West Nile virus transmission in east-central Illinois. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 22(3): 390-400.

Kunkel KE, Novak RJ, Lampman RL, Gu W. 2006. Modeling the impact of variable climatic factors on the crossover of Culex restuans and Culex pipiens (Diptera : Culicidae), vectors of West Nile virus in Illinois Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg 74 (1): 168-173.

Beveroth TA, Ward MP, Lampman RL, et al. 2006. Changes in seroprevalence of West Nile virus across Illinois in free-ranging birds from 2001 through 2004. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 74 (1): 174-179 .

Ward MP, Raim A, Yaremych-Hamer S, Lampman R., and Novak R. 2006. Does the roosting behavior of birds affect transmission dynamics of West Nile virus? Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 75 (2): 350-355.

Lampman RL, Krasavin NM, Szyska M, Novak, RJ. 2006. A comparison of two West Nile virus detection assays (TaqMan reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and VecTest antigen assay) during three consecutive outbreaks in northern Illinois J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc.22 (1): 76-86.

Novak, R. J. and R. L. Lampman. 2001. Public health pesticides in HANDBOOK OF PESTICIDE TOXICOLOGY, Volume 1. Pesticide Risk Characterization. Acacemic Press, pp. 181-201.

Berenbaum, May B. and Richard L. Lampman. 2001. Robert Lee Metcalf. BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. 80: 1-16.
INHS Publink:,R
Program affiliates:
Nina Krasavin Michael Ward
Ephantus Muturi Tara Beveroth CH Kim
Professional society involvement and activities:
Vice-president, President, and Board Member of the Illinois Mosquito and Vector Control Association (IMVCA), November 2000 to present.
IMVCA Newsletter Editor, 2000 to 2009.

Review of manuscripts from Vector-borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Journal of American Mosquito Control Association, Journal of Medical Entomology, Journal of Chemical Ecology, and internal peer review of INHS manuscripts.

Symposium Organizer Am. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 2007
Program organizer for the 46th Annual meeting of the Illinois Mosquito and Vector Control Association at Champaign, Illinois, 2000, 2006, 2007, 2011.

Presenter and Moderator at the Third International Conference on Biopesticides, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2002.
Education: PhD, Entomology, University of Illinois, 1986 Advisor:Robert Metcalf

MA, Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg VA, 1980

BS, Biology, College of William and Mary, Willamsburg VA, 1975
Lab name: MedEnt Lab research: Lab publications: Lab current projects:

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