Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Fusconaia subrotunda (Lea, 1831)



 Fusconaia subrotunda, INHS 12896
Fusconaia subrotunda, INHS 12896. Green River, Hart County, Kentucky. 
Length: 2.9 inches (7.4 cm).

Other common namesRound-solid, pigtoe.

Key characters Smooth, elongate, and solid shell; beak cavity very deep, green rays on the umbo.




Similar species Ebonyshell, pigtoes (Fusconaia and Pleurobema).

Description Shell relatively large, solid, elongate, oval or elliptical, and moderately inflated. Anterior end rounded, posterior end rounded or bluntly pointed. Dorsal margin and ventral margins straight to slightly curved. Umbos low and directed forward. Shell smooth, light brown, becoming dark brown to black in adults. Fine green rays present on juveniles and the umbos of older shells. Length to 5 inches (12.7 cm). Fusconaia subrotunda distribution

Pseudocardinal teeth large and well developed; two in the left valve, one in the right (occasionally with a small tooth on either side). Lateral teeth large and straight; two in the left valve, one in the right. Beak cavity very deep. Nacre white, iridescent posteriorly.

Habitat Large rivers in gravel.

Status Endangered in Indiana and Ohio. Extirpated from Illinois.

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