Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Tritogonia verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820)



Tritogonia verrucosa, INHS 8935
Tritogonia verrucosa, INHS 8935. Spoon River, Peoria County, Illinois.
Length: 5.4 inches (13.7 cm).

Other common names Buckhorn, peanut, turkey wing.

Key charactersElongate, posterior wing with folds, sides of the shell covered with pustules.Tritogonia verrucosa distribution




Similar species Rabbitsfoot.

Description Shell thick, elongate, and compressed. Anterior end rounded, posterior end squared or truncated in males, elongate and rounded in females. Dorsal margin straight to slightly curved, ventral margin usually arched. Umbos low, only slightly elevated above the hinge line. Beak sculpture of a series of pronounced ridges continuing down the sides. Entire shell (except the rounded posterior ridge of the female) covered with irregularly sized and arranged pustules. Periostracum green or light brown, becoming dark brown to black in older shells. Length to 8 inches (20.3 cm).

Pseudocardinal teeth large, serrated, and well developed; two in the left valve, one in the right (occasionally with a small tooth on either side). Lateral teeth long, straight, and striated; two in the left valve, one in right. Beak cavity deep. Nacre white, iridescent posteriorly.

Habitat Medium to large rivers in mud, sand, or gravel.

Status Widespread but relatively uncommon. Endangered in Iowa. Threatened in Wisconsin.

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