Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Toxolasma texasensis (Lea, 1857)

Texas lilliput


Toxolasma texasensis, UIMNH Z-15115Toxolasma texasensis, UIMNH Z-15115. Wabash River, White County, Illinois. 
Length: 2.2 inches (5.6 cm) for male (top), 1.8 inches (4.6 cm) for female (bottom).

Other common names None.

Key characters Small shell, pointed or truncated on the posterior end, and greenish brown or black with a clothlike texture.

Similar species Lilliputpurple lilliputlittle spectaclecasepondmussel.

Toxolasma texasensis distributionDescription Shell elongate, thin to relatively solid, and moderately inflated. Anterior end rounded, posterior end pointed (males) or truncated (females). Umbos even with or only slightly elevated above the hinge line. Beak sculpture of five or six strong angular ridges. Periostracum greenish brown to black with clothlike texture. Length to 2.5 inches (6.4 cm).

Pseudocardinal teeth relatively thin and compressed, elevated and serrated; two in the left valve, one in the right. Lateral teeth long, straight or curved; two in the left valve, one in the right. Beak cavity shallow. Nacre white, occasionally tinged with salmon in the beak cavity and center of the shell.

Habitat Small to medium streams or sloughs in mud or sand in slow-flowing water.

Status Essentially a southern species that is rare in the Midwest.

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