Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Truncilla donaciformis (Lea, 1828)




Truncilla donaciformis, INHS 3060
Truncilla donaciformis, INHS 3060. Rock River, Rock Island County, Illinois.
Length: 1.6 inches (4.1 cm).

Other common names Little pocketbook.

Key characters Small, elongate shell, greenish yellow, with zigzag markings.


Similar species Deertoerayed bean.

Description Shell small, elongate, somewhat oblong, relatively thin, and compressed to moderately inflated. Anterior end rounded, posterior end pointed, ventral margin smoothly rounded. Umbos full, centrally located, and slightly elevated above the hinge line. Beak sculpture of five or six double-looped bars. Periostracum variable from yellow to greenish brown, with numerous dark green rays made up of many smaller broken, V-shaped or zigzag lines. Length to 2 inches (5.1 cm).Truncilla donaciformis distribution

Pseudocardinal teeth small, roughened, and elevated; two in the left valve, one in the right. Lateral teeth thin, relatively long, and straight to slightly curved. Beak cavity moderately shallow. Nacre white, iridescent posteriorly.

Habitat Large rivers or the lower reaches of medium-sized streams in sand or gravel.

Status Widespread and common throughout most of its range. Threatened in Ohio.

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