Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Name
Species

 

Taxonomy
Occurence in Illinois
Status
Habitat associations
Guilds
Food-habits
Environmental associations
Life history
Management practices
References


TAXONOMY

 

  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: 
  • Family: 
  • Genus: 
  • Species: 
  • Authority: 

Comments on taxonomy:
Other names: 

 


OCCURENCE IN ILLINOIS


 


STATUS

Items in bold indicate applicable categories
Forest Service Categories: S = recommended for regional sensitive status, F = forest listed species, M = management indicator species

Federal Status:

Endangered Threatened Proposed for listing

 






State Status:

                                    

Other:

Game Furbearer Nongame protected



           

Comments on status:

 


HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS

Items in bold indicate applicable categories

General habitat:

                                                         

USFS timber inventory forest size class:

Unknown Unstocked Seedling Sapling
          

Land use and land cover:

Unknown   Urban

Agricultural
Rangeland  
Forestland
Water
Wetland


 


Forest cover types: 

Associated tree species: 

 

National wetland inventory classifications:

SystemSubsystemClassSubclassWater regime modifiersWater chemistry
Lacustrine
 

   
Palustrine    

   
Palustrine  

   
Riverine    

 

Comments on species-habitat associations:
Breeding habitat - 

High value habitats

HabitatStructural stageSeason
Cropland and pasture
Streams and canals
Lakes and ponds
Reservoirs
Bays and estuaries
Forested wetland
Nonforested wetland
Wetland
River
 
Sedge meadow    
Cropland  
Prairie  

Species-habitat interrelations: 

 


GUILDS

Feed-guilding:

HabitatStructural stageSeasonFeed-guilds
Cropland and pasture  

Marsh  

Lakes and Ponds  
 
Streams  
 
River  
 

Comments on feed-guilding:

Breed-guilding:

HabitatStructural stageSeasonBreed-Guilds
Cropland and pasture  
 
Sedge Meadow  

Prairie  
 
Marsh
   

Comments on breed-guilding:

 


FOOD-HABITS

Trophic level is OMNIVORE

Food itemLife stage/plant part
Algae
Salicaceae (willow, poplar)
Myricaceae (wax myrtle)
Ulmaceae (elm)
Hammamelidaceae (witch hazel)
Rosaceae (rose, cherry, plum, apple)
Fabaceae (pulses, tea)
Anacardiaceae (cashew)
Ericaceae (heath, blueberry, wintergreen)
Polygonaceae (buckwheat, rhubarb)
Chenopodiaceae (glasswort, saltwort)
Amaranthaceae (amaranth)
Caryophyllaceae (chickweed)
Ranunculaceae (buttercup, marigold)
Nymphaceae (water lily, lotus)
Euphorbiaceae (castor, poinsettia)
Vitaceae (grape, creeper)
Malvaceae (mallow)
Lythraceae (loosestrife, purslane)
Onagraceae (fireweed)
Haloragaceae (water milfoil)
Umbelliferae (carrot)
Convolulaceae (morning glory)
Boraginaceae (bluebells, heliotrope)
Verbenaceae (vervain)
Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle, elderberry)
Rubiaceae (buttonbush, bedstraw, quinine)
Plantaginaceae (plantain)
Hydrocharitaceae (tape grass, water weed)
Poaceae (grass)
Poaceae (grass): corn
Poaceae (grass): rice
Poaceae (grass): wheat
Poaceae (grass): rye  
Poaceae (grass): crab grass
Poaceae (grass): foxtail grass
Sparaginaceae (bur-reed)
Zosteraceae (pondweed)
Najadaceae (naiad)
Alismataceae (arrowhead)
Cyperaceae (bulrush, sedge)
Lemnaceae (duckweed)
Annelida (segmented worms)  
Annelida: Hirudinea (leeches)  
Mollusca  
Mollusca: Gastropoda (snails)  
Mollusca: Bivalvia (bivalves)  
Arachnida (spiders, ticks, scorpions, daddy longlegs)  
Crustaceans  
Ostracods (eucypris)  
Malacostraca (isopods, amphipods, crayfish)  
Insecta  
Ephemeroptera (mayflies)  
Odonata (dragonflies, damselflies)  
Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets, cockroaches)  
Hemiptera  
Homoptera (cicadas, aphids)  
Neuroptera (dobsonflies)  
Coleoptera (beetles)  
Tricoptera (caddisflies)  
Lepidoptera (butterflies, moths)  
Diptera (flies, midges, mosquitoes)  
Hymenoptera (ants, wasps, bees)  
Osteichthyes (bony fishes)  
Salientia (frogs, toads)  
Juvenile:
Adult:

Comments on food habits: 
General:
Juvenile:
Adult:


ENVIRONMENTAL ASSOCIATIONS

General:

Limiting:

Egg

Feeding juvenile:

Resting juvenile:

Feeding adult:

Resting adult:

Breeding adult:

Comments on environmental associations:
General:
Feeding juvenile:
Resting juvenile:
Feeding adult:
Resting adult:
Breeding adult:


LIFE HISTORY

Origin:

Physical description:

Reproduction:

Behavior:

Limiting factors:

Population parameters:

 


MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

Beneficial:

Adverse:

Existing:

Comments on management practices:


REFERENCES

 


 

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Illinois Natural History Survey

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