Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Fagopyrum esculentum
India-wheat
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Fagopyrum fagopyrum

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

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A
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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Asia

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, annual

Roots:

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation; orbicular and peltate, sagittate leaf shape

Inflorescence: spike, corymb

Flowers: perfect; incomplete, not petals, regular; white, others; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: achene

Physiology: autotrophic

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in wastelands, fields, along roadsides and railroads.

ILPIN Notes: Seed company numbers: 1, 8, 11, 43, 44, 53. Species is native of central Asia; occasional in northern 3/4 of Illinois, apparently absent elsewhere. Species commonly escaped but not long persistent. Plants often grown as "green manure"; discarded hulls and fruit remains used as summer mulch for roses and other flower beds. Buckwheat flour is made from achenes; some people develop rashes after eating buckwheat flour products, or after touching the leaves; fragrant flowers are source of buckwheat honey. Form - seeds available in May, June, and early July at 25 lbs./acre. Terrestrial furbearers (especially squirrels) eat seeds.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value: deer: good; upland game birds: good; small non-game bird: good; small mammals: good
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State:
  • Chicago Area:

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