Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Echinochloa muricata var. microstachya
Barnyard grass
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Echinochloa muricata wiegandii, Echinochloa pungens var. wiegandii

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

  • Magnoliophyta

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Species Distribution
If map does not appear refresh browser Refresh
Click map to view & download detailed occurrence records

County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Monocot, annual

Roots: adventitious, fibrous

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Parallel leaf venation; awl-shaped leaf shape

Inflorescence: panicle, raceme

Flowers: perfect; 3 merous; complete; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: grain

Physiology: autotrophic

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed on low, ground in the open or in the shade by pond borders; oxbow lakes in flood plains of wooded or open river bottoms, muddy banks, gravel bars, dried up mud flats, waste ground. This is often a garden weed.

ILPIN Notes: Species is served to native Americans of western U.S. as food in the form of a starchy flour. Sterile lemma is awnless, or its awn < 3 mml., panicle contracted, branches ascending, panicle green; second glume and sterile lemma appressed; pubescent, not papillose. Species is found throughout the state.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] : yes
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State:
  • Chicago Area:

Post a Comment or Question About this Plant
Your Name


Your email address (required)


Comment/Question (required and please limit to 300 words)

Note: All submissions are moderated and only some are posted. Posted comments may be edited for length. An email address will not be posted, but it is required for communication with the site moderator. Comments focused outside of Illinois and neighboring states may be posted, but more attention will be given to Illinois centered information. Thanks for your interest.