Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Boehmeria cylindrica
False nettle, FALSE NETTLE, Rough false nettle
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Boehmeria drummondiana, Boehmeria cylindrica drummondiana, Boehmeria cylindrica var. drummondiana, Boehmeria cylindrica var. cylindrica, Boehmeria cylindrica var drummondiana

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

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F
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M
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A
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M
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J
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A
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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, perennial

Roots:

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; serrate leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation; oblong, lanceolate leaf shape

Inflorescence: dichasium, spike

Flowers: unisexual, dioecious; 4 merous; incomplete, not petals, regular; green; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: achene

Physiology: autotrophic

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in swampy low spring-fed meadows, along spring branches and borders of small streams; lives in a variety of habitats; associated with Acer saccharinum, Ulmus americana. Species is distributed in spring branches and swampy open meadows fed by spring branches issuing from calcareous rocks; usually more open, sunny and slightly more alkaline habits than type variety - moist zone about a peat bog where livestock previously grazed; edges of bogs and marshes.

ILPIN Notes: This plant has sun and shade forms - shade with leaves thin, spreading and ovate; sun leaves as var. drummondiana Wedd. This variety has leaves smooth or slightly scabrous above. According to ref. 16, sun form has leaves smaller, and thicker which are often recurved, narrower and rough-pubescent and is identified as this variety. This variety has leaves harshly scabrous above.

Functional Relationships:

  • Pollinators insects (wind)

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 3
  • Chicago Area: 5

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