Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Celtis laevigata
Sugarberry, Cliff sugarberry, Toothed sugarberry
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Celtis laevigata smalli, Celtis laevigata texana, Celtis laevigata var. laevigata, Celtis laevigata var. texana

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

  • Magnoliophyta

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

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M
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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-woody, perennial

Roots: primary

Shoots: alternate leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; Pinnate leaf venation; oblong, reniform leaf shape

Inflorescence: other

Flowers: perfect, unisexual, monoecious; incomplete, not petals; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: drupe

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Found in low woods to dry hilltops.

ILPIN Notes: Flowers in fascicles; narrow, smooth mostly toothless leaves asymmetrical at the base. Orange, red, or brown drupes. Polygamous-unisexual and perfect on same tree. Recommended as a street tree. Flowers in fascicles. Leaves harshly scabrous on the upper surface, asym- metrical at base. Petioles pubescent. Drupes orange, red, or brown. Polygamous-perfect and unisexual flowers on same tree. Polygamous-perfect and unisexual on the same tree. Flowers in fascicles. Leaves more or less smooth on upper surface. Regularly toothed, asymmetrical at the base. Drupes small and can be orange, red, or brown.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers: low

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value: small non-game bird: good

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 5
  • Chicago Area:

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