Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Dicentra cucullaria
Dutchman's-breeches
Taxonomy

Synonyms:

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

J
0
F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
0

Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, perennial

Roots: adventitious, tubers

Shoots: basal leaf arrangment; compound, trifoliate leaf type; lobed (pinnately), parted (pinnately) leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation

Inflorescence: raceme

Flowers: perfect; Other merous; complete, irregular; red, white; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: capsule

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in valleys; ravine bottoms; ledges along streams.

ILPIN Notes: Species is 2-merous. Handel, S. N., S. B. Fisch, and G. E. Schatz. 1981. Ants disperse a majority of herbs in a mesic forest community in New York State. Torrey Botanical Club Bulletin 108: 430-437. Seeds are dispersed by ants (Handel et al., 1981).

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] : poisonous
  • Showy Flowers: high

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 5
  • Chicago Area: 6

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