Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Actaea cordifolia
Heart-leaved black cohosh, Appalachian bugbane
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Cimicifuga racemosa var. cordifolia, Cimicifuga rubifolia

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

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F
0
M
0
A
0
M
0
J
0
J
0
A
0
S
0
O
0
N
0
D
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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: State Endangered, Regional Forester Sensitive Species

Notes:Recently upgraded to State Endangered.

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, perennial

Roots: adventitious, rhizomes

Shoots: compound, trifoliate leaf type; serrate, lobed (pinnately), lobed (palmately) leaf margin; Palmate leaf venation; lanceolate, orbicular and peltate leaf shape

Inflorescence: raceme

Flowers: perfect; complete, regular; white; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: follicle

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is found in sandstone ravines or where underlying rock is limestone with Acer saccharum, Liriodendron tulipifera, and Asimina triloba.

ILPIN Notes: Kurz, D.R. and M.L. Bowles. 1981. Report on the Status of Illinois Vascular Plants Potentially Endangered or Threatened in the United States. Natural Land Institute. Rockford, IL. Species is ternately decompound; leaflets up to 9 in number. Species is under review.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers:

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 10
  • Chicago Area:

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