Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Apocynum cannabinum
Prairie dogbane, Indian hemp
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Apocynum sibiricum, Apocynum sibiricum cordigerum

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collection & Observation Phenology [?]

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F
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M
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A
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M
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J
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J
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A
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S
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Collection & Observation Timeline [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-herb, perennial

Roots: primary

Shoots: opposite leaf arrangment; simple leaf type; entire leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation

Inflorescence: dichasium

Flowers: perfect; 5 merous; complete, regular; white; hypogynous ovary position

Fruit: follicle

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: rocky woods; open situations; waste ground; along railroads; wood borders Rocky woods; gravelly sites such as along railroads; wet meadows; river bottoms prairies Species is distributed in gravelly sites such as along railroads; wet meadows; river bottom prairies.

ILPIN Notes: plant has emetic. cathartic, and diuretic properties. plant contains a strong bast fiber which may be used for tying articles glaborous or nearly so Plant contains a strong bast fiber which may be used for tying articles Weediness also colonizing Leaves have a clasping base. Plant contains a strong bast fiber which may be used for tying articles.

Functional Relationships:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] :
  • Showy Flowers: low

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value:

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 2
  • Chicago Area: 4

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