Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

Aesculus glabra
Ohio buckeye
Taxonomy

Synonyms: Aesculus glabra leucodermis, Aesculus glabra var. glabra

Subspecific taxa:

Classification:

Other taxonomic & nomenclature sources: USDA PlantsITISThe Plant ListIPNI

Images

   
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Species Distribution
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County Map Legend
Absent:
Not known from county
Medium confidence:
Medium or unknown confidence;
often old records or unverifiable observations
Medium-high confidence:
Often observations by expert botanists
High confidence:
Often vouchered herbarium records
Planted / introduced:
Native species introduced outside historic range,
or only in planted locations within county (e.g., restorations)
Historic / extirpated:
Only historic records for the species; likely extirpated
(Note that this category is not yet functional)

North American distribution maps for this species: FLNAUSDA PlantsBONAPBISON

Collections, Observations & Flowering by Month [?]

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J
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N
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Collections & Observations by Decade [?]

Species Status

Status/Listing: No Information

Notes:

Origin: Native

Species Description

General: Dicot-woody, perennial

Roots: primary

Shoots: opposite leaf arrangment; compound, palmately leaf type; serrate leaf margin; Pinnate leaf venation; ovate, oblanceolate leaf shape

Inflorescence: panicle

Flowers: perfect, unisexual, monoecious; 5 merous; complete, irregular; yellow, green; perigynous ovary position

Fruit: capsule

Physiology: autotrophic; C3 C02 fixation

Reproduction: sexual

Ecology & Natural History

Habitat: Species is distributed in rich woods.

ILPIN Notes: Species has prickly fruits; non-sticky buds. Seeds are eaten only after boiling or roasting; otherwise poisonous - roots contain a saponin. Seed company numbers: 16, 28, 29, 32. Terrestrial furbearers (esp. fox squirrels) eat fruits. Steyermark (l963) says plants are poisonous to squirrels and birds. Species has staminate and perfect flowers. Form - seeds, seedlings. Steyermark (l963) says seeds are not eaten by squirrels or birds. Species has whitish bark; leaflets are whitened beneath; prickly fruits; non-sticky buds. Seeds are eaten after boiling or roasting; otherwise are poisonous. Roots contain a saponin.

Functional Relationships:

  • Pollinators: insect
  • Dispersal:
  • Mycorrhizae:
  • N2 fixation:

Human Relationships:

  • Edibility [?] : yes-qualified
  • Showy Flowers: medium

Wildlife and Livestock Information:

  • Food Value:
  • Cover Value: small non-game bird: good

Coefficient of Conservatism (C-value) [?] :

  • Entire State: 5
  • Chicago Area: 3

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